An invasive beetle that crossed from Mexico into southern San Diego County more than five years ago is continuing to head north, threatening widespread destruction of ornamental palm trees and date palms that could add up to millions of dollars in damage.
“It has already killed hundreds of Canary Island date palms in Tijuana and parts of San Diego County,” Mark Hoddle, director of the Center for Invasive Species Research at UC Riverside, said in a statement this past week. “We are on the verge of a major crisis for California’s palms.”
The South American Palm Weevil can now be found as far north as Bonita and along the border with Mexico as far east as Texas, according to San Diego County officials. The financial harm this flying pest inflicts would rise significantly if it reaches date farms in the Imperial and Coachella valleys, Hoddle said.
The weevil can wreak havoc on date palms, Canary Island date palms, coconut palms, African oil palms, sago palms and Washingtonia fan palms.
It was first identified by county and state agriculture officials around 2011 in San Ysidro. Entomologists made the discovery while looking for the closely related red palm weevil, which popped up in Laguna Beach and was eradicated.
Unlike the red palm weevil — which was suspected to have been intentionally brought to the United States from Southeast Asia as a food item — the South American palm weevil may be harder to stop because of its sourcing origin in neighboring Mexico.
“We’re tracking the spread,” said Travis Elder, deputy agriculture commissioner with the county’s department of Agriculture, Weights and Measures. “It is spreading naturally. They have a tremendous ability to fly to find new hosts.”
The jet-black insects, which have an extended snout, can grow up to 2 inches long. They lay their eggs on the top of their targeted trees and then the larvae burrow into the plants.
Infected palms can be hard to spot because the larvae live inside their host trees; residents should look for dead and drooping fronds, as well as damage to the palm’s crown.
Removal of infected trees is necessary not only to quarantine the weevils, but also to prevent the top of the tree from collapsing and causing injuries. Professional removal of a typical palm costs as much as $1,500, according to county agricultural officials.
If people suspect they have an infected palm, entomologists recommend that they call an arborist to safely remove the tree without spreading the weevil elsewhere.
If residents believe South American Palm Weevils have infested palms in their community, they’re urged to call the San Diego County insect hotline at (800) 200-2337 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
They can also report palm weevil activity and get more information about the insect through the Center for Invasive Species Research at UC Riverside — cisr.ucr.edu.
Meanwhile, the county continues to grapple with a host of other invasive insects, such as the shot hole borer, the gold-spotted oak borer and the Asian citrus psyllid. Along with drought, these pests have been responsible for killing everything from citrus crops to tens of thousands of trees in places such as the Cleveland National Forest.
The native bark beetle, along with the recently ended five-year drought, has been credited with helping to kill more than 100 million trees in the Sierras.
Resident are urged to never transport firewood as it’s one of the main ways that invasive insects spread.